Salomea of BERG

Salomea of BERG


Type Value Date Place Sources
Name Salomea of BERG
Occupation Duchess Consort of Poland point in time between 1115 and 28. October 1138


Type Date Place Sources
birth point in time between 1093 and 1101 Berg Castle, Ehingen (now in Baden-Württemberg), Germany search of this place
death 27. July 1144 Łęczyca (Lentschitza), Poland search of this place
marriage 1115 (interpreted from the original value "BET MAR AND JUL 1115")

Spouses and Children

Marriage Spouse Children
1115 (interpreted from the original value "BET MAR AND JUL 1115")
Boleslaw III 'Wrymouth' Piast (Prince) of POLAND

Notes for this person

Salomea of Berg (German: Salome von Berg, Polish: Salomea z Bergu, Salomea Bergska) (ca. 1093/1101 - 27 July 1144) was a German noblewoman and by marriage Duchess of Poland. She was the daughter of Swabian Count Henry (c. 1077-1132) of Berg Castle (near Ehingen, not to be confused with the Rhenish House of Berg) by his wife Adelaide of Mochental (d. 1125/27),[1] probably a sister of Margrave Diepold III of Vohburg. According to some sources,[2] her paternal grandmother was Princess Sophia, only daughter of King Solomon of Hungary by his wife Judith of Swabia (by her second marriage stepmother of Salome's husband), but this hypothesis has been rejected by modern historiographers. The marriage of Salome's sister Richeza with Duke Vladislav I of Bohemia in 1110 had changed the status of the relative obscure Count Henry of Berg in the political affairs. Another sister, Sophia, was married to a Moravian member of the Premyslid dynasty, Duke Otto II the Black of Olomouc, in 1113. Life Marriage The Polish ruler Boleslaw III Wrymouth, after he had began to expand his domains in the Pomerelian region, decided to normalize his relations with his southern Bohemian neighbors. This took place in 1114 at a great convention on the border river Nysa Klodzka. Participants included Boleslaw III himself, as well as the Bohemian and Moravian Dukes of the Premyslid line: Vladislav I, Otto II the Black and Vladislav's younger brother Sobeslav I. It was decided that the Duke of Poland (a widower since 1112) should secondly marry the Swabian noblewoman Salomea, sister of the Duchesses of Bohemia and Olomouc. The marriage negotiations, led by Bishop Otto of Bamberg, ended successfully, and between March and July 1115 the wedding of Boleslaw III Wrymouth and Salomea of Berg took place. By the end of that year, the new Duchess gave birth to a son named Leszek (d. 1131), the first of the thirteen children who she bore to her husband.[3] Salomea began to participate actively in the Polish politics on behalf of her children; she feared that according to the primogeniture principle her stepson Wladyslaw II, Boleslaw III's first-born son from his marriage with Zbyslava of Kiev, would succeed his father as sole ruler and her sons would be at the mercy of their elder half-brother. In 1125 the powerful Piotr Wlostowic was forced to resign his post of a Polish Voivode (Count palatine); the main instigator of this decision was probably Salomea, who replaced him with Wszebor, a man she considered more likely to support herself and her sons against Wladyslaw. Boleslaw III's Testament Main article: Testament of Boleslaw III Krzywousty Boleslaw III died on 28 October 1138. In his will he had divided the country between his sons according to the principle of agnatic seniority, giving the Seniorate Province of Kraków to his eldest son Wladyslaw II. In addition Salomea received the town of Leczyca, several castles and towns throughout Poland (including Pajeczno, Malogoszcz, Radziejów, Kwieciszewo) as her Oprawa wdowia (Widow's seat or wittum); this was the first documented case where a Polish ruler left his widow her own piece of land. The terms of the Oprawa wdowia stated that the beneficiary could obtain the full sovereignty over the land for her life, and could lose it in two cases: if she remarried or became a nun (abdication would not count). The youngest child of the couple, Casimir II, was not assigned a province; it is speculated that he was born after Boleslaw III's death. Later Years From her domains in Leczyca, the now Dowager Duchess continue her intrigues against her stepson High Duke Wladyslaw II. However, the hostilities only began openly in 1141, when Salomea, without the knowledge and consent of the High Duke, commenced to divide Leczyca between her sons. Also, she tried to resolve the marriage of her youngest daughter Agnes and thus to find a suitable ally for her sons. The most appropriate candidate for a son-in-law had to be Sviatoslav III, the son of Grand Prince Vsevolod II of Kiev. After hearing the news about the events in Leczyca, Wladyslaw II decided to make a quick response, as a result of which the Grand Prince of Kiev not only broke all his pacts with the Junior Dukes, but also arranged the betrothal of his daughter Zvenislava to Wladyslaw's eldest son Boleslaw I the Tall. The wedding took place one year later, in 1142. Salomea died at her mansion in Leczyca on 27 July 1144. In accordance with the will of Boleslaw III, her province of Leczyca reverted to the Senoriate. Unexpectedly, her bitter enemy Piotr Wlostowic allied with her sons against High Duke Wladyslaw II, who, after having captured and blinded Wlostowic in 1145, was defeated and deposed by his half-brothers. Salomea's oldest surviving son, Boleslaw IV the Curly became the new High Duke of Poland in 1146. Children Leszek (1115-1131) Richeza (1116-1156), married firstly King Magnus I of Sweden in 1127, secondly Prince Volodar of Minsk in 1136, and thirdly King Sverker I of Sweden in 1148; Casimir (d. 1131) Boleslaw IV the Curly (c. 1122-1173), Duke of Masovia from 1138, High Duke of Poland from 1146 until his death; Mieszko III the Old (c. 1125-1202), Duke of Greater Poland 1138-1177 and 1182-1202, High Duke of Poland 1173-1177, 1191, 1198-1199 and 1201; Gertrude (1126/35-1160), nun at Zwiefalten Abbey; Henry (1127/32-1166), Duke of Sandomierz from 1138; Dobroniega (c. 1128-1160), married Margrave Dietrich I of Lusatia in 1142; Judith of Poland (1130/36-1171/75), married Margrave Otto I of Brandenburg in 1148; Agnes (1137-1182), married Prince Mstislav II of Kiev in 1151; Casimir II the Just (1138-1194), Duke of Sandomierz from 1173, High Duke of Poland from 1177 until his death. References Jump up ^ Cawley, Charles, SWABIAN NOBILITY, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012, Jump up ^ Cawley, Charles, HUNGARY, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012, Jump up ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Piast". Genealogy.EU. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Title Borneman-Wagner, Howard-Hause, Trout-Nutting, Boyer-Stutsman Family Tree
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