Yaroslav I "the Wise" (Grand Duke) of KIEV

Yaroslav I "the Wise" (Grand Duke) of KIEV


Type Value Date Place Sources
Name Yaroslav I "the Wise" (Grand Duke) of KIEV
Name Jaroslav I Wladimirowwitch (Grand Duke) of KIEV
Name Yaroslav or Laroslav I (Prince) of KIEV
Occupation Deposed his brother Svyatopolk
Occupation Grand Prince of Kiev point in time between 1019 and 1054


Type Date Place Sources
birth about 978 Kiev, Ukraine search of this place
burial Russia search of this place
death 20. February 1054 Vyshhorod, Kiev, Ukraine search of this place
marriage 1019 Uppsala, Sweden search of this place

Notes for this person

Jaroslav, or Yaroslav, The Wise, Russian Yaroslav Mudry, Grand Prince of Kiev from 1019 to 1054. A son of the grand prince Vladimir, he was vice-regent of Novgorod at the time of his father's death in 1015. Then his eldest surviving brother, Svyatopolk the Accursed, killed three of his other brothers and seized power in Kiev. Yaroslav, with the active support of the Novgorodians and the help of Varangian (Viking) mercenaries, defeated Svyatopolk and became the grand prince of Kiev in 1019. Yaroslav began consolidating the Kievan state through both cultural and administrative improvements and through military campaigns. He promoted the spread of Christianity in the Kievan state, gathered a large collection of books, and employed many scribes to translate Greek religious texts into the Slavic language. He founded churches and monasteries and issued statutes regulating the legal position of the Christian Church and the rights of the clergy. With the help of Byzantine architects and craftsmen, Yaroslav fortified and beautified Kiev along Byzantine lines. He built the majestic Cathedral of St. Sophia and the famous Golden Gate of the Kievan fortress. Under Yaroslav the codification of legal customs and princely enactments was begun, and this work served as the basis for a law code called the Russkaya Pravda (“Russian Justice”). Yaroslav pursued an active foreign policy, and his forces won several notable military victories. He regained Galicia from the Poles, decisively defeated the nomadic Pechenegs on the Kievan state's southern frontier, and expanded Kievan possessions in the Baltic region, suppressing the Lithuanians, Estonians, and Finnish tribes. His military campaign against Constantinople in 1043 was a failure, however. Trade with the East and West played an important role in Kievan Rus in the 11th century, and Yaroslav maintained diplomatic relations with the European states. His daughters Elizabeth, Anna, and Anastasia were married respectively to Harald III of Norway, Henry I of France, and Andrew I of Hungary. In his testament, Yaroslav sought to prevent a power struggle among his five sons by dividing his empire among them and enjoining the younger four sons to obey the eldest, Izyaslav, who was to succeed his father as grand prince of Kiev. This advice had no lasting effect, and civil war ensued after Yaroslav's death. More Notes: Yaroslav I the Wise (Old Norse : Jarisleif) (978-1054) was thrice prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. In 1010 he has founded the city of Yaroslavl (named after him). The son of Vladimir the Great of Kiev and the nun Ragnilda of Polotsk, Yaroslav married Anna, Ingigerd Olofsdotter, daughter of king Olaf Skötkonung of Sweden and later to widowed Astrid Olofsdotter of Sweden, another daughter of Olof Skötkonung. He had three daughters and five sons (It is reported that Anastasia was Astrid's daughter, but her birthdate-in the middle of the siblings, does not support this). Anna Yaroslavna was married to Henry I of France. Elizabeth was married to Harald III of Norway and became known as Ellisif of Gårdarike. Anastasia was married to Andrew I of Hungary. Sons: Vsevolod I, Prince of Kiev Vladimir II, Prince of Novgorod Iziaslav of Kiev. Sviatoslav II of Kiev Yaroslav's granddaughter, his son Vsevolod's daughter named Eupraxia, was married to Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org


Title Borneman-Wagner, Howard-Hause, Trout-Nutting, Boyer-Stutsman Family Tree
Description This is a work in progress, which likely contains numerous errors and omissions. Users are encouraged to verify any and all information which they wish to use.
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