Bertha de Maurienne of SAVOY

Bertha de Maurienne of SAVOY


Type Value Date Place Sources
Name Bertha de Maurienne of SAVOY
Name Bertha de Maurienne of TURIN
Name Bertha of SAVOY
Occupation Empress Consort of the Holy Roman Empire point in time between 1085 and 1087
Occupation Queen Consort of Germany after 1056


Type Date Place Sources
birth 21. September 1051 Maurienne, Savoy (now in France) search of this place
burial Speyer, Rhenish Palatinate (now in Rhineland-Palatinate), Germany search of this place
death 27. December 1087 Mainz, Rhine-Hesse (now in Rhineland-Palatinate), Germany search of this place
marriage 13. July 1066

Spouses and Children

Marriage Spouse Children
13. July 1066
Henry IV (Emperor) Holy-Roman GERMANY

Notes for this person

Bertha of Savoy (21 September 1051 - 27 December 1087), also called Bertha of Turin, was the first wife of Emperor Henry IV, and was German Queen and Holy Roman Empress. She is buried in the cathedral of Speyer. Life Bertha of Savoy was a daughter of Otto of Savoy (also called Eudes and Odo) and Adelaide of Susa. Her maternal grandparents were Ulric Manfred II of Turin and Bertha of the Obertenghi. As children, during the lifetime of Emperor Henry III, Bertha and Henry were betrothed on 25 December 1055 in Zürich. The wedding took place on 13 July 1066 in Trebur. While Bertha was apparently in love with Henry from the outset, Henry initially viewed his wife with aversion. Although she was apparently a pretty young woman, the Saxon chronicler Bruno, an avowed opponent of Henry IV, reported on the Emperor's continual unfaithfulness: "He had two or three Kebsweiber (concubines) at the same time, in addition [to his wife], yet he was not content. If he heard that someone had a young and pretty daughter or wife, he instructed that she be supplied to him by force. (...) His beautiful and noble wife Bertha (...) was in such a manner hated by him that he never saw her after the wedding any more than necessary, since he had not celebrated the wedding out of free will." In 1069, Henry began procedures for a divorce, supplying what was for the time an unusually honest reason for the divorce: "The king explained publicly (before the princes), that his relationship with his wife was not good; for a long time he had deceived others, but now he did not want to do so any longer. He could not accuse her of anything that justified a divorce, but he was not capable of carrying out conjugal relations with her any longer. He asked them for the sake of God to remove him from the bonds of a marriage closed under bad signs ... so that the way to a luckier marriage might be opened. And nobody knowing any objection to raise, and his wife being an obstacle to a second marriage ceremony, he then swore that she was as he received her, unstained and her virginity intact." (Bruno of Merseburg) The German episcopacy dared not submit to the King's demands, and called on Pope Alexander II for assistance. He sent Petrus Damiani as his Legate to the Synod in Frankfurt, and rejected the divorce. Henry then apparently submitted to his fate, his first daughter by Bertha being born in the year after the divorce attempt. Bertha also accompanied her husband on his dangerous journey to Canossa, carrying her three-year-old son Conrad. She remained with her husband between 25 January and 28 January 1077 in freezing cold weather before the walls of the castle, in order to reach the solution to Henry's dispute with the Pope. Together with Henry, Bertha later also journeyed to Rome, and on 31 March 1084 was crowned Empress. On 27 December 1087, Bertha died in Mainz. Children From her marriage with Henry there were eventually five children: Adelheid (1070 - 4 June 1079) Henry (1071 - 2 August 1071) Agnes of Germany (1072/73 - 24 September 1143) Conrad (12 February 1074 - 27 July 1101), later Roman-German King and King of Italy Henry V (8 January 1086 - 23 May 1125), later Roman-German King and Holy Roman Emperor References Bruno von Merseburg: Brunonis Saxonicum bellum. Brunos Sachsenkrieg. - Übersetzt v. Franz-Josef Schmale. - In: Quellen zur Geschichte Kaiser Heinrichs IV. - Darmstadt, 1968. - (Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters. Freiherr vom Stein-Gedächtnisausgabe ; 12). - S. 191-405. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 45-23, 274-22, 274-23. The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). They became Kings of Sardinia and later of Italy. Their Kingdom ended with the referendum by which Italians chose the republic as the form of state - see also birth of the Italian Republic. Under the Constitution of the Italian Republic, male descendants of the House of Savoy were forbidden from entering Italy. This provision was removed in 2002. The house descended from Humbert I, Count of Sabaudia (or "Maurienne") (Italian Umberto I "Biancamano"), (1003-1047 or 1048), and includes the Counts of Savoy, the Dukes of Savoy, the Kings of Sardinia, and the Kings of Italy. Piedmont was later joined with Sabaudia, and the name evolved into "Savoy" (Italian "Savoia").


Title Borneman-Wagner, Howard-Hause, Trout-Nutting, Boyer-Stutsman Family Tree
Description This is a work in progress, which likely contains numerous errors and omissions. Users are encouraged to verify any and all information which they wish to use.
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