Ottokar I Přemyslid (King) of BOHEMIA

Ottokar I Přemyslid (King) of BOHEMIA


Type Value Date Place Sources
Name Ottokar I Přemyslid (King) of BOHEMIA
Name Přemysl OTAKAR
Occupation Duke of Bohemia point in time between 1192 and 1193
Occupation Duke of Bohemia point in time between 1197 and 1198
Occupation King of Bohemia point in time between 1198 and 1230


Type Date Place Sources
birth about 1155 Bohemia (now in Czech Republic) search of this place
burial after 15. December 1230 St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague, Bohemia, Holy Roman German Empire search of this place
death 15. December 1230 Prague, Bohemia (now in Czech Republic) search of this place
marriage 1199

Spouses and Children

Marriage Spouse Children
Constance Arpad (Princess) of HUNGARY

Notes for this person

Ottokar I (Czech: Premysl I. Otakar; c. 1155 - 15 December 1230) was duke and then king of Bohemia. He was a member of the Premyslid dynasty. Early years Ottokar's parents were Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia, and Judith of Thuringia. His early years were passed amid the anarchy which prevailed everywhere in the country. After several struggles in which he took part, he was recognized as ruler of Bohemia by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI in 1192. He was, however, soon overthrown for joining a conspiracy of German princes to bring down the Hohenstaufen monarchy. In 1197 Ottokar forced his brother, Duke Vladislaus III Henry, to abandon Bohemia to him and to content himself with Moravia. Taking advantage of the German civil war between the Hohenstaufen claimant Philip of Swabia and the Welf candidate Otto IV, Ottokar declared himself King of Bohemia. This title was supported by Philip of Swabia, who needed Czech military support against Otto (1198). In 1199 Ottokar divorced his wife Adelheid of Meissen, a member of the Wettin dynasty, in order to marry Constance of Hungary, the young daughter of the Hungarian King Béla III. In 1200 - with Otto IV in the ascendancy - Ottokar abandoned his pact with Philip and declared for the Welf faction. Both Otto and Pope Innocent III subsequently accepted Ottokar as hereditary King of Bohemia. Golden Bull of Sicily Philip's consequent invasion of Bohemia was successful. Ottokar, having been compelled to pay a fine, again ranged himself among Philip's partisans and still later was among the supporters of the young king, Frederick II. In 1212 Frederick granted the Golden Bull of Sicily to Bohemia. This document recognised Ottokar and his heirs as Kings of Bohemia. The king was no longer subject to appointment by the Emperor and was only required to attend Diets close to the Bohemian border. Although a subject of the Holy Roman Empire, the Bohemian King was to be the leading electoral prince of the empire and to furnish all subsequent Emperors with a bodyguard of 300 knights when they went to Rome for their coronation. Ottokar's reign was also notable for the start of German immigration into Bohemia and the growth of towns in what had until that point been forest lands. In 1226 Ottokar went to war against Frederick II of Austria after the latter wrecked a deal that would have seen Ottokar's daughter (Saint Agnes of Bohemia) married to Emperor Frederick II's son, Henry II of Sicily. Ottokar then planned for the same daughter to marry Henry III of England, but this was vetoed by the Emperor, who knew Henry to be an opponent of the Hohenstaufen dynasty. The widowed Emperor himself wanted to marry Agnes, but by then she did not want to play a role in an arranged marriage. With the help of the pope, Agnes entered a convent. Family Ottokar was married first in 1178 to Adelheid of Meissen (after 1160 - 2 February 1211), who gave birth to the following children: Vratislav (before 1181 - after 1225) Dagmar (Markéta) (ca 1186 - 24 May 1213), married to Valdemar II of Denmark, King of Denmark Božislava Hedvika In 1199, he married Constance of Hungary (1181 - 6 December 1240), who gave birth to the following children: Vratislav (c. 1200 - ?) Judith (- 2 June 1230), married to Bernhard von Spanheim, Duke of Carinthia Anne (Anna Lehnická) (1204 - 23 June 1265), married to Henry II the Pious, Duke of Wroclaw Anežka Wenceslaus I of Bohemia (c. 1205 - 23 September 1253), King of Bohemia Vladislaus (Vratislav) (1207 - 18 February 1227), Margrave of Moravia Premyslid (Premysl) (1209 - 16 October 1239), Margrave of Moravia, married to Margaret of Andechs, daughter of Duke Otto I of Merania Wilhelmina of Bohemia (Vilemína Ceská, Guglielmina Boema) (1210 - 24 October 1281) Saint Agnes of Bohemia (20 January 1211 - 6 March 1282) References Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


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